EconomíaInternacionalMonedas virtuales

Tecnología bitcoin para empresas

arantizar autoría, fecha, transparencia e inmutabilidad de la información es una de las ventajas que brinda a una empresa usar blockchain (en español, cadena de bloques).

Nacida en 2009, con la criptomoneda bitcoin, esa tecnología creada por Satoshi Nakamoto (cuya identidad se desconoce) funciona mediante una red de miles de nodos (puntos de conexión o servidores) interconectados, que comparten sus datos.

De esa forma, se obtiene una base de datos pública y distribuida en la que se puede agregar información, pero no alterar o eliminar.

“Cualquier manipulación de estos por uno de ellos sería detectado por el resto”, explicó el cofundador de Bitcoin Argentina y uno de los organizadores de Labitconf 2017 en Bogotá, Franco Amati.

Además, al ser pública, brinda accesibilidad para que los usuarios que hayan sido habilitados obtengan copia de los registros.

Esa capacidad de hacer más eficientes, transparentes y seguros los intercambios de información en las compañías hace que sus usos vayan desde transparencia gubernamental, propiedad intelectual hasta liquidación de activos financieros sin necesidad de intermediarios y manejo de remesas y pagos al exterior, una de las áreas que más ha sido aprovechada.

En el caso de la transparencia, explica el experto en la plataforma, Jonathan Calmus, que el blockchain se creó por la duda de si las instituciones y organizaciones gubernamentales como fuentes centralizadas de las transacciones son ciento por ciento confiables: “Es un sistema que elimina la posibilidad de que existan operaciones fraudulentas”.

Puede ser necesario cuando varias partes deban compartir datos y exista un riesgo de que una de ellas les dé un tratamiento para sacar una ventaja.

El Foro Económico Mundial (FEM) calcula que para 2020 el 10 % del Producto Interno Bruto (PIB) global estará almacenado en esa tendencia disruptiva de procesos operativos. 80 % de las compañías financieras adoptarán blockchaindentro de tres años, según reportes de la firma Bain & Company (ver Informe).

Por otro lado, explica el ingeniero y emprendedor digital, Carlos Agudelo, que el protocolo con el que nació bitcoin, que se basaba en la realización de operaciones peer to peer (P2P), que elimina a terceros intermediarios en el uso de la información y abrió la puerta a las operaciones mediante computación distribuida. Ese es otro beneficio, ya que representa un ahorro en las transacciones, y como es un sistema distribuido, comentó Calmus, está blindado de un ataque de un hacker o uno de carácter físico.

“Creemos que tiene un potencial enorme. Sin lugar a dudas, viene a transformar no solo la industria financiera, sino los modelos de negocio de distintas industrias”, afirmó el director de Inclusión Financiera y Medios de Pago de la Asociación Bancaria de Colombia (Asobancaria), Nicolás Rodríguez.

No obstante, el uso de esa tecnología tiene retos en varios frentes. Por un lado, está la escalabilidad de las soluciones que puede ofrecer.

El director de la consultora Investopi, Marcelo Granada, opina que esas soluciones suelen ser para grandes firmas, por toda la inversión en desarrollo e infraestructura que debe realizarse.

Al tratarse de una tecnología abierta, no habrían costos en el protocolo o en el uso de la tecnología, pero sí los hay en el talento humano que lo hace posible y las máquinas que facilitan las transacciones

Por último, indicó Rodríguez que no es conveniente todavía regular el uso de esa tecnología, pues apenas se está logrando un entendimiento de ella.

CONTEXTO DE LA NOTICIA

· En Colombia, el panorama de adopción de blockchain es bajo, el primer sector en adoptarlo ha sido el financiero.

· Según una encuesta de Bain & Company, 45 % de las instituciones usarán blockchain en los próximos tres años y 35 %, en 2018.

· La empresa Bloom Solutions, de Filipinas, combina blockchain con herramientas tradicionales para superar los desafíos del ecosistema de transferencia de dinero

Referencia a www.elcolombiano.com : http://www.elcolombiano.com/negocios/economia/tecnologia-bitcoin-para-empresas-BB7829443

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